If you live in an area where the water has a strong smell or tastes like minerals, you don't have to rely on bottled water or just put up with it. Home filtration units range from inexpensive do-it-yourself units for a clear glass of water to professionally installed systems for the whole house. Here are some options if you're tired of the water you get out of the kitchen faucet.
Basic Carbon Filters
When water flows through carbon granules, chlorine and pesticides are pulled out of the water. It will also filter out large particles in the water. You can buy water pitchers that filter tap water for drinking or cooking. Some carbon filters attach to the kitchen faucet and filter the water when you turn the faucet on. Larger models connect to the water line under the sink.
The carbon granules must be replaced periodically. These basic filters are good for filtering small amounts of water at a time. But carbon is so effective that it's used with other whole house systems.
Tiny pores in ceramic material trap small particles in the water, including minerals and some parasites. This is a physical filter so it does not remove chlorine or pesticides. For better filtration, ceramic filters often include a carbon filter in the system.
Small DIY units are available as well as larger whole house systems. Forcing water through the ceramic material does reduce the water pressure in the house. There is some water softening effect because the ceramic remove some of the minerals. The ceramic pores will become clogged and must be cleaned periodically.
UV (Ultraviolet) Filters
To kill bacteria and some viruses, filters that run water around UV lights are available as whole house systems. They must be installed by a professional and may be combined with a ceramic and carbon filter. With the combined effects of a UV filter, carbon and ceramic, you filter out chlorine, minerals, pesticides, bacteria and viruses. The UV tubes must be replaced regularly to continue getting the full protection from the system.
Chemical Reaction Filters
Copper and zinc are the most common materials used in these filters. These both react with the water to remove minerals, metals, parasites, bacteria, and chlorine. These whole house systems must be installed by plumbing professionals. A carbon filter is often added to remove pesticides and other organic materials.
By itself, the copper and zinc systems provide some water softener functions. A sodium-free unit specifically for softening water may be added. This system gives you safe, filtered and softened water for drinking, cooking, cleaning clothes and bathing. For more information, contact companies like Johnson Water Conditioning.